Alcohols Aldehydes Ketones

ALCOHOLS

General formula CnH2n+1OH

Reactions

Primary alcohol + [O] —-> Aldehyde + Water
Rgts: K2Cr2O7 (aq) and H2SO4 (aq)
Condx: Distil product to avoid further oxidation

Secondary alcohol + [O] —-> Ketone + Water
Rgts: K2Cr2O7 (aq) and H2SO4 (aq)
Condx: Heat under reflux

Alcohol —-> Alkene + Water
Rgts: Concentrated H2SO4 (aq)
Condx: Heat to 170oC with xs acid

Alcohol + PCl5 —-> Halogenoalkane + POCl3 + HCl (test for -OH group)

Mechanisms

ALDEYDES(ALKANALS)

Reactions
Mechanisms

KETONES(ALKANONES)

Reactions
Mechanisms
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